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Annexation is the act of adding real property to the boundaries of an incorporated municipality, i.e. City of Cocoa. See Florida Statute 171.011 through 171.094.
Please call 321-433-8684 for more information about initiating the annexation process, and contact the City's Planning Department at 321-433-8501 for P&Z related inquiries.
Per the Florida Statute, a governmental entity can only annex properties that abut property located within that city's boundaries. The statute also strictly prohibits enclaves or pockets of unincorporated areas.
A municipality may wish to annex land to ensure sound urban development and accommodation to growth as well as ensure that municipal services can be provided to those areas. A municipality can only annex land that is contiguous with a part of the boundary of the municipality. A city might wish to annex land to clean up irregular boundaries and eliminate enclaves. A municipality will also annex land at the request of the property owner.
Annexations can occur in several ways:
All residents and business owners within Cocoa city limits receive a 10% reduction on the water utility bill as well as a 25% reduction on sewer and reclaimed water. Additional intangible benefits of annexing into Cocoa include responsive police and fire services, proactive business environment and code enforcement, streamlined and competitive permit fees, additional representation from local district council member, and available local economic development and community redevelopment grant and incentive programs as well as marketing and promotion of available commercial and industrial property located within Cocoa City Limits.
Zoning will be evaluated on a case-by-case basis.
Please call the City's Planning Department at 321-433-8501 for P&Z related inquiries.
Properties within Cocoa City Limits receive trash pick-up twice per week, with days varying depending on the location. Yard waste is serviced on Wednesdays and yard waste piles serviced on Thursdays. All services are performed by Waste Management, as contracted by the City of Cocoa. These rates are listed on the Residential Yard Waste Collection webpage detailing the most recent contract.
Connecting to the Cocoa sewer is not required; however all properties have the ability to connect at the owner's discretion. There is an impact fee and sewer connection charge.
More information can be obtained by contacting Cocoa Utilities Department at 321-433-8700.
Water utility bills will not increase if annexed into Cocoa City Limits. In fact, Cocoa residents and businesses will receive a 10% reduction in the water utility bill for annexing into Cocoa City Limits. Please call 321-433-8400 for more information.
Properties must be assessed by the Brevard County Property Appraiser by January 1. All properties annexed prior to June 1 will reflect the new millage rate on the final property tax bill mailed on November 1.
Effective October 1, 2020, the City of Cocoa's mileage rate is currently 5.979% of the assessed value of the property.
While there is no cost to the property owner for processing an annexation request, tax rates and certain fees and charges do differ between Brevard County and the City of Cocoa.
The 2015 Brevard County Municipal Service Taxing Units (MSTU) (Municipal Services/County MSTU) millage rate, to include Fire Control, Law Enforcement, and Road and Bridge, is 2.2999 combined. Once annexed into Cocoa city limits, those tax rates will be replaced with one flat tax rate labeled City of Cocoa using a millage rate of 5.9790, or $5.979 for every $1,000 of taxable value. All other imposed taxes on your property tax bill will remain the same.
Example: A property with a taxable value of $200,000 located in unincorporated Brevard County will have a total property tax of $3,106. That same property located within Cocoa city limits would have a total property tax of $3,841.
Both the City of Cocoa and Brevard County impose an annual fire assessment fee. Fees vary based on property type. Examples:
Please call 321-433-8500 for more information on fire assessments.
Annexation into Cocoa City Limits does not affect school boundaries, which are established by the Brevard County Public School Board.
Law enforcement and fire protection services will not be affected. The City of Cocoa and Brevard County entered into a mutual aid agreement for shared fire services to ensure that all residents in the unincorporated areas are receiving services, whether from the County or the City. You may already receive services provided by Cocoa Fire Department. The unit responding to your requests is dependent upon the drive time to the nearest fire station, and availability of service. Once annexed into Cocoa City Limits, the responding unit for law enforcement will be the Cocoa Police Department. The Cocoa Police Department has 3.7 offers per 1,000 persons versus Brevard County with 1.67 sheriff officers per 1,000 persons within the unincorporated area.
The City of Cocoa has a home-based business ordinance, which regulates home-based business activities. See Appendix A, Article XIII, Section 17 of the Cocoa City Code.
Livestock is permitted in the Residential Agricultural (RA) zoning designation only.
Please call the City's Planning Department at 321-433-8501 more information.
No; if you are currently in the Brevard County permitting process, you are not required to enter into the City of Cocoa's permitting process.
Please call 321-433-8500 for more information about the permitting process.